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Nile River, Egypt

The Nile Delta is located in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt in the time of pharoahs). It is one of the largest river deltas in the world covering the area from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east. It is considered to be an arc-shaped delta, and resembles a triangle or lotus flower when seen from above. The Delta begins slightly down-river from Cairo and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. People have lived in the Nile Delta region for thousands of years, and have been intensively farming for at least five thousand years although the delta no longer receives an annual supply of nutrients and sediments from upstream due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam. The Rosetta Stone was found in the Nile Delta in 1787 in the port city of Rosetta (Rashid). During the fall, parts of the Nile River are red with lotus flowers. Several hundred thousand water birds winter in the delta, including the largest concentrations of little gulls and whiskered terns in the world.

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