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Elba Italy

Elba is the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago and the third largest island in Italy after Sicily and Sardinia. The island has a rich and varied history beginning with settlement by a Ligurian tribe who were overtaken by the Etruscans and then by the Romans. After the end of the Roman Empire, the island suffered from ravages by barbarians before being controlled by a series of city states. Elba was captured by Spain in 1603 and later became a French possession in 1802. French emperor Napoleon I was exiled to Elba after his forced abdication in 1814 where, along with his personal guard of six hundred men, he served as sovereign for 300 days before escaping and returning to France. Although best known internationally for its connection with Napoleon, the island has more recently become famous for its wine and tourist resorts.

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